Sunday, May 24, 2020
Patty Loew writes Ã¢â¬Å"the ancient songs, stories and art of Native people are filled with symbolism and wisdom. In order to understand the cultural meaning of the people, places, and events that shaped their lives, we must not only read history, but also listen to it (Loew 11).Ã¢â¬ When we listen to history, it can be recognized by means of how the author acknowledges that written accounts of people and their lives does in fact offer a valuable source of information, but it diminishes in comparison to what could actually be learned from those who actually come from that history. Additionally, in order to actually listen to history itÃ¢â¬â¢s important to read it but it also means that we must be able to understand it. If we can understand history, we can use our understandings of history to apply it to history over time. History is important when listening to the past because of the fact that it gives people an understanding of how peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s cultures have evolved over ti me. This also allows us to learn from the past and hopefully prevent making the same mistakes again in the future. Passing stories down is another important component in order to listen to history due to the fact that oral history has allowed us to construct the past and get more crucial details. Throughout the book there are several examples of how the author listened to history in order to write her book. From the first chapter in Indian Nations of Wisconsin, Loew allows us to listen to history by means of discussingShow MoreRelatedMusic Of Native American Culture879 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof Native American Culture. It is used in many different ways, such as expressing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings or through the use of self-expression. There are unique collection of instruments that are played in ceremonial events, recreation, and even through healing. Some of these instruments are drums, flutes, rattles, and other percussion instruments. The voice is also used quite a lot and may even b e the most important one because it is the backbone of music made in Native American Cultures. Native AmericanRead MoreQuestions On Different Cultures Of The Americas Have Changed Over Time1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesconveyed by the words in a story (e.g., create mood, emphasize aspects of a character or setting). A2. SOCIAL SCIENCE Standard 2: Students will understand cultural factors that shape a community. Objective 2: Explain how selected indigenous cultures of the Americas have changed over time. A1. VISUAL ARTS Standard 4 (Contextualizing): The student will interpret and apply visual arts in relation to cultures, history, and all learning. Objective 3a: Use a visual arts form as a help in expressingRead MoreIreland: The Invention of Tradition1063 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesconstructed around historical or mythological events, people or symbols that reinforce the image required to focus peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s conception of the past. People can be encouraged to invent a cohesive view of their shared Ã¢â¬ËtraditionsÃ¢â¬â¢ by what could be called cherry picking bits of history. The ancient mythology of Ireland is one of itsÃ¢â¬â¢ greatest assets. The glorious, poetic tales of battles, super humans, demigods and heroes ranks among the best of ancient literature. The book of the Dun Cow, (Lebor na huidre)Read MoreNative American Cherokee Tribe : Native Americans916 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNative American Cherokee Tribe Native Americans have been around for centuries. They were some of the first people to ever come to America. Native AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s have different tribes, cultures, and ethnic groups. Native AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s fought hard to protect their land and people. One of the largest, and culturally advanced tribes are the Cherokees. The Cherokees have unique traditions, customs, and heritage. Cherokees lived in southern regions such as Georgia, Virginia, and Tennessee. In the 1800sRead MoreAustralian Aborigines And Their Crisis1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages000 years, existing long before many ancient societies such as the Greeks and Romans. Since they are such an old culture many people wonder how they were able to remain in existence for so long while of culture perished around them. The answer can be found in their adaptive nature; having such a close bound with the land around them, taught the aboriginals the importance of change and adapting (Australia.gov.au). While it might be debatable that AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s natives are the longest surviving cultureRead MoreOral Traditions or Spoken Word in the Caribbean1557 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand the Creole people trigger-off a series Caribbean syncretism with a mixture of Amerindian and African feeling. In ancient times, the tradition of the Spoken Word was essential in promoting effective communication, family life, togetherness of the community and conflict resolution. The telling of stories, playing of games, poetry, oratory and debating were critical for disseminating information, passing on traditions and educating a people about themselves. The telling of stories, playing of gamesRead MoreThe Ancient Olympics1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Ancient Olympics A powerful roar of excitement only adds to the already excentric level of thrill. An energy driven by the athletes pushing their physical and mental strength to glorify the Gods fills the stadium. The crowd filling the stands radiate with delight as heat after heat of men race down the two stade sprint (Ancient Olympic Games). The authors at Olympics.org have traced the start of the Olympics all the way back to 776 BC. The catalyst for the modern day Olympics that started inRead MoreCultural Appropriation : What Does It Mean?1002 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestribe; there are hundreds. Native Americans are being told that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have rights over how they are represented in mainstream America. They are being told to Ã¢â¬Ëget over it.Ã¢â¬â¢ The people who are usually saying these things donÃ¢â¬â¢t even know what the real issues are: - When people only know that culture of a costume or something you dress up as for Halloween, or in a music video, then people in that culture are not being thought of as people. - It is also dangerous because people of that culture who areRead MoreThe Transformation Masks Of The Kwakwaka1310 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgroups relate that their ancestors roamed the world transforming themselves into animals. This is also shows how the masks have two face in one as to represent their ancestors. Even though the culture has such an amazing artistic style and rituals the people underwent numerous struggles to hold onto them. The KwakwakaÃ¢â¬â¢wakw bands consist of four clans (killer whale, raven, eagle, and wolf). The clans are divided by numayn (or naÃ¢â¬â¢ mina) which can be loosely translated as Ã¢â¬Å"groups of fellows of the sameÃ¢â¬ Read MoreEssay on Pre-Columbian civilizations1533 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe dark Middle Ages, the people here were flourishing. The Aztecs were the Native American people who dominated northern MÃ ©xico at the time of the Spanish conquest led by Hernan CORTES in the early 16th century. According to their own legends, they originated from a place called Aztlan, somewhere in north or northwest Mexico. At that time the Aztecs (who referred to themselves as the Mexica or Tenochca) were a small, nomadic, Nahuatl-speaking aggregation of tribal peoples living on the margins of
Sunday, May 17, 2020
The Reasons Hitler Came To Power In 1933, Hitler the leader of the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers Party) became the Chancellor of Germany which was in crisis at the time. I will try to explore some of the reasons why he progressed in gaining this position. After the Treaty of Versailles, Germanys government was a coalition of two political parties. The government was part Social Demarcates and part Peoples Parties these governments both were in favor of the Treaty of Versailles and wanted Germany to pay back their reparations. The Weimar Republic was set up mainly to help Germany out of their economic crisis at that time. Germany lost a lot of its land and the German people veryÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This was because they expected for Germany to recover quickly. The Young plan was also introduced in 1929 which gave a set amount to pay over limited period of time this also failed. But Germany attitude toward this negative right wing parties in Germany saw this as another handover to the war guilt that Germany was to accept. German people felt betrayed by its government. The Nationalists and Hitlers Nazi party then joined together to form a national opposition. They then proposed a law which was against Germany paying any more reparations and insisted that the Minister to be disciplined for agreeing to the treaty. The proposal for a national referendum took place. But only small turnout which was not nears the 21 million that was required by the constitution. This helped Hitlers Nazi party to be known to German people as a major contender in future. Hitler party had a very clear ideology. The Nazi ideology was based on Darwins theory of natural selection. Hitler considered Aryans as a race that were born to domimnate. He believed that the strong should not be pulled back by the weak. Hitler made old fashion German lifestyle seem important in the times where Germany was powerful in Europe. Hitlers party the Nazi saw the Weimar government as a failure because of the Treaty of Versailles. He wanted to Germany to become as powerful as Britain and France and to do thisShow MoreRelatedAdolf Hitler As A Leader Of Nazi Germany1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAdolf Hitler once said Ã¢â¬Å"It is more difficult to fight against faith than against knowledgeÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"30 Eye Catching Hitler Quotes.). In a dictatorship there is one ruler who is in charge of everything in the nation in which he/she rules. Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Bra unau am Inn. Hitler also known as FÃ ¼hrer; he was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and served as dictator from 1934 to 1945. Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany, he was one of the initial causes which triggeredRead MoreÃ¢â¬ËFear of Communism Best Explains HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Appointment as Chancellor in January 1933Ã¢â¬â¢. to What Extent Do You Agree with This Opinion?1262 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1933 Hitler was appointed chancellor. The most important reason as to why Hitler was appointed chancellor was because of the attitude of the elite as they would be the one deciding who to be chancellor, without their support Hitler wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have become chancellor. However other factors such as fear of communism, the appeal of the Nazi Party, economic problems and the failure of previous chancellors are all other reasons why Hitler was appointed. The most important reason as to why Hitler was appointedRead MoreReasons Why Nazis Came to Power in 19331712 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesReasons Why Nazis Came to Power in 1933 There are several factors that enabled the Nazi party, with Hitler as its leader, was able to come to power in Germany in 1933. There are 5 main reasons involved history, economics, politics and the personality of Hitler. The main political events occurred in 1923 and 1933. The Treaty of Versailles was one of the most important causes that led to Hitlers rise in Germany. From the German point of view the treaty was incrediblyRead MoreAdolf Hitler was a Leader770 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAdolf Hitler is the leader I am choosing to write about. I am choosing Hitler because he influenced millions of people to follow him in the attempted genocide of an entire race. Having the leadership skills that he possessed to do the things he did were unbelievable. Some of the leadership skills and traits Hitler possessed were charisma, intelligence, and confidence. These traits are the basis of power which led him to the start of World War II, and eventually his demise. After World War One, GermanyRead MoreHitlerÃ ´s Rise to Power in Post World War I Germany627 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesfor extremist parties as people living extreme conditions are more likely to listen to extreme ideas. The NaziÃ¢â¬â¢s were extremes with their leader Adolf Hitler. Hitlers rise to power canÃ¢â¬â¢t be pin pointed down to one event but many including; GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s economic state, the main factor, that Hitler was a charismatic man and The Treaty of Versailles. Hitler used all these factors to his advantage which meant finally in 1933 he become Chancellor. Germany lost World War 1 and France wanted to treat GermanyRead MoreHitler s Downfall Of The Weimar Government1262 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In November, Hitler was trying to get more power and support, and a way he did this was by trying to take advantage of how bad the condition of the Weimar government was. He did this by instigating a major riot throughout Weimar. It seemed like a full proof plan and situation, but miscalculations made it a flop and Hitler ending up in jail. At first, the Nazis were not taken seriously and had little to no power. Then, Hitler brought a group of young mean without jobs to become soldiers for himRead MoreHow Restrictions On A Country End A War Or Setup The Start For Another War?1138 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessetup the start for another war. After World War One the United States and the Allied powers created the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles set up new nations and borders between the Allied powers and Central powers. The treaty also contained a war guilt clause which would hold Germany solely responsible for starting World War One. Germany was one of the reasons that WWI started but the only reason. Since Germany had to take the responsibility for the war, they were faced with a crushingRead MoreEssay about Comparing Hitler and Napoleon628 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesComparing Hitler and Napoleon There were differences between Hitler and Napoleon, however I feel there were more similarities. They were both immigrants in the country they ended up ruling, both conquered most of Europe, both had radical views about fighting, and both were very quick in their fighting. However, the most significant similarities between the two leaders is how they were accepted as monarchs in a previously democratic society, and what they did for the countries after becomingRead MoreReasons Behind the Nazis Coming to Power Essay1384 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesReasons Behind the Nazis Coming to Power In January 1933, Hitler became chancellor of Germany, there are many reasons for him and the Nazis coming into power. They are long term and short-term cause, which can be classed under 3 main headings: weakness of opposition, strengths of Nazis and economic factors. The weaknesses of the opposition helped the Nazis come into power because Hitler took advantage of them. The failure of the Weimar government was a long-term reasonRead MoreHitler s Influence On The World War II1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAdolf Hitler was a very impressive man in some peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, but his life took one major roller coaster before he gained the power that he had. As a young child Hitler seemed to not want to join the military, but once he, did he found a path leading to his future. Hitler worked his way through the war and seemed to start gaining power. Once Hitler was at the top, he started to terminate people by sending them to concentration camps scattered around the country, quickly killing thousands. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The Holocaust was perhaps the darkest event in the twentieth century. This genocide resulted in the death of six million Jews -not counting the death of soldiers from World War II. Although many Jews died during the Holocaust, some survived and spoke about their struggles and experiences. Art Spiegelman, an American cartoonist, interviewed his father, Vladek Spiegelman, a Holocaust survivor. After collecting information from the interviews with his father, Spiegelman, created Maus, a comic book novel about his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences during the Holocaust. The graphic novel helps readers visualize the horrors of the Holocaust through its illustration, and symbolism. Despite being criticized for being a comic book, it has won multiple awards, for its valuable content of the Holocaust. Maus is an important contribution to the Holocaust genre, as it informs readers about the Holocaust in the perspective of the survivor. Evidence of the anti-Semitic movement in the beginning of Nazi G ermany is described in Maus. The Jews were viewed as inferiors to the Germans, and were segregated and despised. Anti-Semitic legislations were passed during HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s reign. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, states, Ã¢â¬Å"Decree on the Exclusion of Jews from German Economic Life closes all Jewish-owned businessesÃ¢â¬ . This law was passed on November twelfth, on nineteen thirty-eight. Jews living in Nazi Germany lost their jobs and properties from these laws, and many other laws were placed thatShow MoreRelatedThe Horrors Of The Holocaust1271 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe word Holocaust in ancient Greek means burnt offering, and the term has become common only in the mid-20th century, is really very clearly describes the horrors of the Holocaust. In the history of humanity, perhaps there will be no crime more brutal than the Holocaust (Shoah in Hebrew). The beginning of this huge tragedy was initiated January 30, 1933, when German Chancellor Adolf Hitler was elected. Less than two months later, on March 23rd, 1933, with the enactment of the Emergency PowersRead MoreThe Horrors Of The Holocaust1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSpeculations about the grim events during the very horrific Holocaust are unfortunately being denied stating it was not as gruesome as many may have stated it was or did not even exist to begin with. This is not only outrageous but disrespectful to those who lost their lives during the gruesome time. History states that the Holocaust was a period in time where a very fascist dictator, Adolf Hitler, killed over six million European Jews who did not fit the criteria of genetically having blonde hairRead More The Horrors of the Holocaust Essay1170 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Horrors of the Holocaust Eighteen million Europeans went through the Nazi concentration camps. Eleven million of them died, almost half of them at Auschwitz alone.1 Concentration camps are a revolting and embarrassing part of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s history. There is no doubt that concentration camps are a dark and depressing topic. Despite this, it is a subject that needs to be brought out into the open. The world needs to be educated on the tragedies of the concentration camps to prevent theRead MoreThe Horrors of the Holocaust967 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinnocent people floating in the wind. That is what most of the people in the holocaust witnessed as they lost their loved ones and completed countless hours of labor. They were put through unbelievable amounts of torture and pain. Who put them through all of this? Adolf Hitler. Of course you have heard of this terrible incident in our history. But, do you really know what happened and who Hitler was? The main points of the holocaust are Hitler, his hatred tow ards Jews, the Ã¢â¬Å"superiorÃ¢â¬ race and how so manyRead MoreThe Horrors of the Holocaust Essay685 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWe remember the Holocaust, a time of horror, pain, and suffering. Approximately eleven million people were exterminated, 54.5% being Jew, and 45.5% being another kind of an Undesirable. All of this disaster was planned by Nazi leader, Adolf Hitler. Him and his men took over parts of the world to dominate and create a perfect race. Someone with blue eyes, blonde hair, and fair skin. It all started when Hitlers parents pass away when Hitler was only a young boy. By then, he had already been corruptedRead MoreThe Horrors of the Jewish Holocaust690 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesNon-Jewish and fight back or go with the flow? Being non-jewish and going with the flow would be the smart choice, if survival is the goal. In that time period being Jewish was awful. Being Jewish basically meant you were an outcast. During the Holocaust it would have been better to not be Jewish and to stay out of the way, or go with the flow. Even though being Non-Jewish and not fighting back is the easiest way to go, being Non-Jewish and fighting back is the most sincere thing to do. FightingRead MoreThe Horrors of the Jewish Holocaust530 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pagesescaped. They were even luckier if they were helped out of camps by other Jewish people and brought home to their families. Now just imagine if all of the Jewish people fought back. Opposing views claim that the Jewish people during the Holocaust should not have fought back; nevertheless, fighting back would have been very dangerous. Admittedly fighting back could have caused a lot more problems for the Jewish people. Because Hitler liked everything to go his way, he may have gotten reallyRead MoreThe Horrors of Killing Centers During the Holocaust829 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswar in the minds of German leaders (World War II in Europe). The Nazis believed the Germans were racially elite and found the Jews to be inferior to the German population. The Holocaust was the discrimination and the slaughter of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its associates (Introduction to the Holocaust). The Nazis instituted killing centers, also known as Ã¢â¬Å"extermination campsÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"death camps,Ã¢â¬ for being able to resourcefully take part in mass murder (Killing Centers: An Overview)Read MoreThe Horror Of The Holocaust In Spiegelmans Maus : A Survivors Tale?724 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesnovel which portrays the horror of the Holocaust through the use of animals. The mice are the narrators, representing the oppressed Jews while the cats represent the Nazis. This story is told as a first-person narrative, explaining in depth the horrors lived by Vladek, a Polish Jew reliving his tale by sharing his story with his son, Artie. Spiegelman uses this novel to tell his own life story as a Holocaust survivor. Unlike his father, he may not have lived through the horrors the Nazis have broughtRead MoreHow Night by Elie Wiesel Helped People Connect to the Horrors of the Holocaust709 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWords, the written language, a way to express feelings, emotions, experiences, and all that your mind can recall from life or fantasy. Although many have heard of the terrors faced by the Jews in countries that were under German control during World War II, few have stepped back and really thought about the weight of what really happe ned to the people in the concentration camps. I believe Night helped people connect to what really happened. This is an actual persons life, their story, poured out
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The historical prevalence of bisexuality is hard to determine because same-sex sexual activity has traditionally been very stigmatized; furthermore bisexuality is often ignored in historical discussions of sexual orientation. Nonetheless, over the past few decades, the status quo with regard to same-sex sexual activity has changed drastically. The repeal of anti-gay laws and the 2003 supreme court decision Lawrence v. Texas which eliminated all remaining sodomy laws in the United States, the removal of homosexuality from its designation as a sexual disorder in the DSM, the existence of high-profile LGBTQ figures, and the push for, and legalization of gay marriage in the United States and other western countries have all been significant contributing factors toward the normalization of same-sex sexual activity. The general public has experienced increased exposure to the LGBTQ community, and as a result, acceptance of sexual minorities, including bisexual individuals, has grown. In spite of the progress toward acceptance of bisexual individuals, many people still view sexual orientation as dichotomous, which contributes to the erasure and/or invisibility of the bisexual community (Alarie Gaudet 2013). Some also perceive bisexuality as a Ã¢â¬Å"transitional identityÃ¢â¬ between heterosexuality and homosexuality, or believe that people who identify as bisexual are just too afraid to come out as homosexual (Israel and Mohr 2003; Alarie Gaudet 2013). Some studies haveShow MoreRelatedThe Concept Of Sexual Orientation1293 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdimensions of sexual orientation, self-identification with the LGBQ community tended to underrepresent those reporting same-sex or both-sex attraction and behavior, resulting in discordance across items assessing sexual orientation and variable prevalence rates. Limitations and implications for future research are discussed. Keywords: sexual orientation, adolescence, LGBQ Ã¢â¬Æ' Assessing and Measuring Sexual Orientation in LGBTQ Research Sexual Orientation The World Health Organization (2006) definesRead MoreFilipino Adolescents in Changing Times*10342 Words Ã |Ã 42 Pageslocal sociocultural context. In accordance with this, independent and interdependent self-construals were equally likely to be endorsed reflecting the multicultural face of Filipino society and youth. Socioeconomic development and sociopolitical and historical events in the country have likely resulted in a society and self that acknowledges and asserts the need for both autonomy and relatedness. Self-complexity was found to increase as a function of the adolescentsÃ¢â¬â¢ age bearing out social cognitiveRead MoreEssay on Sexuality and Sexual Identity2559 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagescontinually be reestablished based on the current philosophy of what is acceptable at the time. The process of change through which certain deviations become labeled as normal or abnormal remains difficult to discern, becoming clear only when historical or social conditions permit#8230; (Bayer, p. 189). As we shall see, people in positions of power, have the ability to influence what society permits and sometimes we construct negative perceptions in our crusade to influence the rest of societyRead MoreWhy Homosexuality Is Abnormal And Homes11892 Words Ã |Ã 48 Pagesways in which the populous human herd will be trimmed are best left to speculation. I should also note that nothing I have said shows bisexuality or sheer polymorphous sexuality to be unnatural or self-punishing. One might cite the Greeks to show that only exclusive homosexuality conflicts with our evolved reinforcement mechanism. But in point of fact bisexuality seems to be a quite rare phenomenon - and animals, who receive no cultural conditioning, seem instinctively heterosexual in the vast majority
Examination of Womens Friendships through an Analysis of Katherine Philips Friendships Mystery: To My Dearest Lucasia When readers reflect on the poetry of the seventeenth century, poets such as John Donne and the Metaphysicals, Jonson and the Cavaliers, and John Milton often come to mind. The poetry crosses over various boundaries of Neoplatonic, Ovidian, and Petrarchan forms, for example, often with many references to women filling the lines. Described as helpless creatures, seventeenth century women were often shut out from all possibilities of power, and they were generalized into four categories: virgins, women to be married, married, and widowed. In the state of marriage, women were forced to be theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In her essay, Rich expresses [t)hat the argument will go on whether an oppressive economic class system is responsible for the oppressive nature of male/female relations, or whether, in fact, patriarchythe domination of males-is the original model of oppression on which all others are based (35). Rich further develops this point by suggesting that 11[r]e-vision-the act of looking back, of seeing with fresh eyes, of entering an old text from a new critical direction-is for women more than a chapter in cultural history: it is an act of survival (35). When reading Philips in light of Richs essay, the reader realizes that Philips was writing for re-vision long before the concept was coined by the critic. According to Rich, Until we can understand the assumptions in which we are drenched we cannot know ourselves. And this drive to self-knowledge, for women, is more than a search for identity: it is part of our refusal of the selfdestructiveness of male-dominated society (35). Apparent in Philips alterations of Donnes metaphors is this drive to self-knowledge. Although her poems do not outwardly attack Donne, for that would seem hypocritical, Philips clearly responds to the fact that there were all those poems about women, written by men . . . . These women were almost always beautiful, but threatened with the loss of beauty, the loss of
Question: Discuss about the Mooretown Sports and Leisure Centre. Answer: Introduction The task puts an emphasis on PAMS investigation and mind mapping. Here the condensed PAMS analysis means 'Purpose, Audience, Message and Style'. In view of these determinants of PAMS analysis, the report of the Mooretown sports and leisure centre is drafted. The motivation behind archiving the report is clear. The Mooretown sports and leisure centre needs to advise the global audience about the effort program and the repercussion of the centre. The intended interest group is young men and women at secondary school level, who can participate in any sort of games (Singh and Aggarwal 2014). In the meantime, the rich and official individuals are encouraged to become the members of the clubs. They are asked to give the stipulated sum for social welfare and group benefit. PAMS Analysis To start with the examination, one finds that "Purpose" outlines the record. A veritable question goes like what is the reason for composing the present report? Another question is how one composes the report? The purpose decides the document, from wanting to the real execution. In the meantime, "purpose" shapes the tone, dialect structure, composing style and selects the key audience. It shapes the report and addresses the pivotal areas, identified with the particular enthusiasm of the audience (Zhang et al. 2016). The purpose determines the trajectory of the document, from the first stage to its logical culmination. In the meantime, 'Purpose' shapes the tone, dialect structure, composing style and selects the key audience. It shapes the document and addresses the pivotal regions, identified with the particular enthusiasm of the mass at large (Zhang et al. 2016). The variable 'audience' is inseparably identified with the 'purpose' of the document. The writing style, tone, and arrangement are the basic determinants of any sort of work. In the meantime, the key factor 'Purpose' characterizes the overarching character of the document, its confining style and the perusing impact on the audience. The audience is another fundamental point since they are the essential clients of the books. The next significant aspect is 'message', which each author needs to convey to the huge gathering of people. The message is the most imperative data that the author needs to pass on to the group of onlookers. In the meantime, the message ought to be clear and lucid. For instance, if the writer delivers a convoluted message to the crowd, then the work should not be valued. The style is another important part of any composition. The style decides the 'Purpose' of the document. It is a general component that structures a vital piece of the written work. The style involves the structure of the body, tone, dialect and right arrangement. Mind Mapping Mind Mapping manifests the disparate integration of the factors covered in the PAMS analysis. The Mooretown Sports and Leisure centre needs to advise the global audience about the comprehensive efforts of the centre. The intended interest group is young men and women at secondary school level, who can participate in any sort of games (Singh and Aggarwal 2014). In the meantime, the rich and official individuals are urged to wind up distinctly the individuals of the clubs. They are asked to give the stipulated sum for social welfare and group benefit. Another crucial aspect is "message" in the area. The writer of the report needs to send an imperative message to the worldwide group of onlookers. He guarantees one thing that the message goes to the correct group of onlookers at the right time. The last element is "style" of the document. For the most part, the style of the report ought to be scholarly and persuasive. In the segment, the writer of the report amasses all important data and meshes them into a scholastic account. He keeps up the tone, dialect and the composition structure of the report. Operation Time of the Centre The opening hours of Mooretown Sports and Leisure centre are 6 AM 10 PM. Meanwhile, the apex time span starts from Monday to Friday and the time portion is 12 PM 2 PM, 8 AM 2 PM on Saturday. The bistro is staffed by casuals and Mooretown University students engaged in various activities (Denicolo 2013). Clubs and Program of Centre Mooretown Sports and Leisure centre comprises varied aspects. It is noted that 65% of a social event are hardly aware of any program of the centre, 30% of them have the familiarity with two or fewer sports activities, and just 5% of them emphasizes two undertakings. Mooretown Sports Centre depends on more than 10 clubs and just 2% tenants of Mooretown utilize these clubs. Conclusion and Recommendation In the wake of making the review and shaping this report, I appreciate the state of Mooretown Sports and leisure centre. I propose two or three recommendations, which are ideally for Mooretown Sports and leisure Centre and help to make it the best of all. The Mooretown Centre needs to cross out all affirmations and leases which are done in past and make new contracts for all clubs, as per the current state of this centre. Mooretown Centre needs to make online mechanized information, which resolves the crisis of missed booking. The Centre needs to set up a correspondence structure better with the remote system. The Centre should not focus on manual booking and reservation technique and the methodology should be done with modified framework (Chien et al. 2015). The data must be recorded in online PC information. The Centre needs to prepare for all clubs. The stipulated amount must be constrained to 15% (Gierski et al. 2015). The Centre requires the entire all the additionally publicizi ng to move its clubs. It needs to begin some progressing activities outside for it. This is several proposals, which make Mooretown Centre all the additionally enchanting and best for all. I expect that association and chief office regard the recommendation and take some genuine choice for the change of the Mooretown Sports and Leisure centre. References Chien, W., Xiao, J., Ding, L.W., Muzakar, M.I.B., Sun, Q.Y., Gery, S., Senapedis, W., Shacham, S., Baloglu, E. and Koeffler, H.P., 2015. Novel PAK4 allosteric modulators (PAMs) provide potential therapeutic options in human gastric cancer. Denicolo, P. ed., 2013. Achieving impact in research. Sage. Gierski, F., Spada, M.M., Fois, E., Picard, A., Naassila, M. and Van der Linden, M., 2015. Positive and negative metacognitions about alcohol use among university students: Psychometric properties of the PAMS and NAMS French versions. Drug and alcohol dependence, 153, pp.78-85. McKay, D., Kim, S.K., Taylor, S., Abramowitz, J.S., Tolin, D., Coles, M., Timpano, K.R. and Olatunji, B., 2014. An examination of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and dimensions using profile analysis via multidimensional scaling (PAMS). Journal of anxiety disorders, 28(4), pp.352-357. Olatunji, B.O., Kim, S.K. and Wall, D., 2015. Extracting body image symptom dimensions among eating disorder patients: The Profile Analysis via Multidimensional Scaling (PAMS) approach. Body image, 15, pp.16-23. Sellam, T., Cijvat, R., Koopmanschap, R. and Kersten, M., 2016. Blaeu: mapping and navigating large tables with cluster analysis. Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, 9(13), pp.1477-1480. Singh, V. and Aggarwal, A., 2014, December. Performance analysis of middleware distributed and clustered systems (PAMS) concept in mobile communication devices using Android operating system. In Parallel, Distributed and Grid Computing (PDGC), 2014 International Conference on (pp. 345-349). IEEE. Villalpando, L.E.B., April, A. and Abran, A., 2016, June. CloudMeasure: A Platform for Performance Analysis of Cloud Computing Systems. In Cloud Computing (CLOUD), 2016 IEEE 9th International Conference on (pp. 975-979). IEEE. Zecchin, C., Facchinetti, A., Manohar, C., Kudva, Y., Levine, J., Basu, A., Sparacino, G., Dalla Man, C. and Cobelli, C., 2013, February. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY MEASURED BY PAMS VS. CGM TRENDS: CORRELATION ANALYSIS. In DIABETES TECHNOLOGY THERAPEUTICS (Vol. 15, pp. A77-A77). 140 HUGUENOT STREET, 3RD FL, NEW ROCHELLE, NY 10801 USA: MARY ANN LIEBERT INC. Zhang, Y., Xiang, C., Yang, H., Li, Y. and Hao, L., 2016, August. Static analysis of novel continuum robot driven by PAMs. In Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence (URAI), 2016 13th International Conference on (pp. 96-100). IEEE.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Satisfaction Level of Government Sector Employees. Answer: Introduction: Job satisfaction is the combination of feelings an employee possess towards his job and role. It is a subjective variable that ascertains whether employees expectations are met or not while working for an organization. Job satisfaction refers to the contentment an employee derives from the job which directly affects his commitment towards the organization (Kaliski, 2007). It has been proved in many studies that job satisfaction yields productivity on the job. An employee who feels satisfied with his job tends to perform excellently as compared to his counterparts who do not feel the same (Lease, 1998). Job satisfaction is a strong indicator of employees attitude at the job (Saari Timothy, 2004). The process of measuring job satisfaction can be complicated and may give incoherent outcomes. The reason lies in the fact that job satisfaction is a subjective phenomenon. The components that potentially affect an employees level of satisfaction with job vary from person to person. Some people give more importance to financial rewards whereas others focus on career growth opportunities in the organization. Furthermore, the factors affecting job satisfaction can be intrinsic or extrinsic in different cases. The organization needs a comprehensive method that exclusively coves the affective, cognitive and behavioural elements while assessing the level of job satisfaction in the firm. Proposed measures of job satisfaction Job satisfaction is the product of the interplay between various elements related to a job. The two most critical measures of job satisfaction are psychological factors and organizational factors. Psychological factors such as opportunities for growth, acknowledgement, feedback for improvement, the scope for innovation, relationship with superiors, autonomy and flexibility help in building a positive or negative attitude towards the job (Neog Barua, 2014). The presence of these elements facilitates in creating an affirmative work culture where employees feel motivated to perform at higher levels (Jiskani, Bhatti Ahmed, 2011). The organizational measures such as compensation management, financial and non-financial rewards, performance management system and company policies play a crucial role in assessing the employees job satisfaction level. These factors are explicit as they are vital in fulfilling the lower order needs (Aydin Bulent, 2009). A transparent and systematic performance appraisal process ensures that every employee receives a fair reward for his performance (Stredwick, 2005). The organizational measures should be given equal importance while measuring the job satisfaction to create a committed and empowered workforce. The psychological and organizational measures of job satisfaction are two critical aspects of a job. According to Herzberg two factor theory (1959), organizational factors are hygiene factors whose absence may cause dissatisfaction in the workplace. However, their presence doesnt guarantee job satisfaction unless motivators or psychological factors are present also. Therefore, the motivators like recognition, autonomy at work play an instrumental role in bringing satisfaction because they are inherent (Herzberg, Mausner Synderman, 1959). It is a vital fact that both measures of job satisfaction bear a significant magnitude in creating an overall impact on job satisfaction (Stredwick, 2005). It is advisable that the company in concern should devise a process with a balanced approach between the two measures of job satisfaction. Strategies to increase job satisfaction This section focuses on some concrete strategies that should be implemented to enhance the level of job satisfaction in the organization. A comprehensive effort at the system level is necessary for sustainable results. Some strategies for increasing employee contentment at the workplace are discussed below. Foster an organic culture. The primary characteristic of organic corporate culture is the empowered employees who are free to experiment and innovate. In the organic culture, communication takes place in all the directions (Hage, 1965). Employees get invitations to express their opinions and views on all the strategic matters. Further, employees get frequent recognition for their contributions at the individual and team level. They get learning opportunities so that they can study latest technology and skills prevailing in the market. Employees trust their leaders and managers. They collaborate, coordinate and connect with others to create a friendly work environment which yields higher productivity (Lunenburg, 2012). The report recommends that the company should flatten the hierarchy and adopt a team-based work philosophy so that the decision making can be decentralized and employees feel engaged and empowered. Further, the communication channels must be strengthened to motivate emp loyees to share honest feedback, creative ideas and constructive suggestions. The report also recommends building value and ethics-driven work culture. Provide competitive compensation packages. It is advisable that the company must give salaries, perks and benefits after considering the ongoing rates. If needed, it is desirable to conduct a job evaluation to determine the worth of every job to revise the packages accordingly. The non-financial benefits should also be adequately included to create a balanced salary structure. Additionally, work-life balance is a crucial factor these days. The company can offer flexible working hours, work-from-home and other benefits to increase job satisfaction among employees. The opportunities for promotion, incentives, and increments play a significant role in boosting the morale of employees. The benefits related to health, maternity, retirement and social security are equally important. Create Assessment Centres. Assessment centres help in gauging the potential of employees to prepare them for higher and strategic positions. Assessment centres efficiently help in skill mapping and drawing the gap between present skills and required skills to create a competitive workforce (Tripathi, 2016). The centre judges the emotional, cognitive and behavioural competencies of employees and helps in improving them continuously. The report recommends developing a dedicated assessment centre for career and succession planning of employees. Employees feel satisfied and worthy when they get chances for training and learning on a regular basis. Conclusion Convincingly, job satisfaction is an integral element of a competitive workforce in which employees are loyal, committed and efficient. The presence of hygiene and motivating factors help in raising the level of job satisfaction in the workplace. The recommended strategies and interventions are bound to produce a positive impact on the overall job satisfaction of employees through planned implementation and execution. References Aydin Bulent. (2009). A research analysis on employee satisfaction in terms of organizational culture and spiritual leadership. International Journal of Management. Hage, J. (1965). An axiomatic theory of organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 10, 289-320. Herzberg, F, Mausner, B, Snyderman, B. (1959).The motivation to work(2nd ed.). New York: John Wiley and Sons. Jiskani, S., Bhatti, K., Ahmed, S. (2011). Measuring job satisfaction level of government sector employees: A case of bureau of statistics, Government of Sindh, Pakistan. Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 7(1), 19-26. Kaliski, B.S. (2007). Encyclopaedia of business and finance (2nd ed.). Detroit: Thompson Gale. Lease, S. H. (1998). Annual review, 19931997: Work attitudes and outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 53(2), 154183. Lunenburg, F. (2012). Mechanistic-organic organizationsAn axiomatic theory: authority based on bureaucracy or professional norms. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity 14(1), 1-7. Neog, B., Barua, M. (2014). Factors influencing employees job satisfaction: An empirical study among employees of automobile service workshops in Assam. The SIJ Transactions on Industrial, Financial Business Management 2 (7), 305-316. Saari, L. Judge, T. (2004). Employee attitudes and job satisfaction. Human Resource Management, 43(4), 395-407. Stredwick, J. (2005). Introduction to human resource management, 2nd ed., Burlington: Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann. Tripathi, R. (2016). Assessment centres: benefits and shortcomings. Emerging Research in Management Technology, 5(2), 1-34.